Circulation 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.122.060511
In this post hoc analysis of DAPA-HF, 43.7% of participants had iron deficiency at baseline, which was associated with worse outcomes. Dapagliflozin appeared to increase iron use but improved outcomes, irrespective of iron status at baseline.
Randomized Controlled Trial of the Hemodynamic Effects of Empagliflozin in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes at High Cardiovascular Risk: The SIMPLE Trial
Diabetes 2022;71:812–20 doi.org/10.2337/db21-0721
In this analysis of data from the SIMPLE trial, empagliflozin did not reduce left heart filling pressure more than placebo at submaximal exercise in patients with T2D at high CV risk. However, it was observed that empagliflozin reduced pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) at a magnitude of clinical significance in patients at rest. The findings suggest cardiac benefits beyond the diuretic effect of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) treatment and could explain a significant part of the CV benefits observed in clinical trials.
Initial Decline (“Dip”) in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Following Initiation of Dapagliflozin in Patients With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: Insights From DAPA-HF
Circulation 2022; Online ahead of print doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.058910
The results of this subgroup analysis from DAPA-HF show that – although estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline is generally associated with poorer prognosis in most situations – an initial dip with a sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) may be associated with slower rate of decline in kidney function.
The SGLT2 Inhibitor Empagliflozin in Patients Hospitalized For Acute Heart Failure: A Multinational Randomized Trial
Nature Med 2022;28:568–74 doi: 10.1038/s41591-021-01659-1
Empagliflozin is well tolerated in patients hospitalised for acute heart failure, resulting in significant clinical benefit 90 days after treatment initiation.