Dapagliflozin in Patients Recently Hospitalized With Heart Failure and Mildly Reduced or Preserved Ejection Fraction
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.07.021
This prespecified analysis of the DELIVER trial found that dapagliflozin had beneficial effects on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) with mildly reduced or preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) who were enrolled during or following hospitalisation.
Dapagliflozin across the range of ejection fraction in patients with heart failure: a patient-level, pooled meta-analysis of DAPA-HF and DELIVER
Nat Med. 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1038/s41591-022-01971-4
In a prospective, patient-level pooled meta-analysis of the DAPA-HF and DELIVER trials, dapagliflozin was found to improve clinical outcomes across the range of LVEF.
Finerenone in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease and Type 2 Diabetes by Sodium–Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitor Treatment: The FIDELITY Analysis
Diabetes Care 2022; online ahead of print doi: 10.2337/dc22-0294
In the FIDELITY analysis, finerenone reduced the risk of cardiovascular and kidney outcomes compared with placebo. Concomitant treatment with a sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) did not modify the observed benefits.
FIDELITY pooled populations from the FIDELIO-DKD and FIGARO-DKD studies in order to examine the effect of finerenone and interaction with SGLT2i use on prespecified outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). In both trial, use of SGLT2i was permitted at baseline, as was initiation of SGLT2i at any time during the trial.
Obesity and Effects of Dapagliflozin on Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in the DECLARE-TIMI 58 trial
Eur Heart J 2022;43:2958-67 doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehab530
In the DECLARE-TIMI 58 trial, patients with type 2 diabetes and higher body weight were more likely to have hospitalisation for heart failure (HHF) and atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF/AFL).
Effect of Canagliflozin on Total Cardiovascular Burden in Patients With Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Post Hoc Analysis From the CREDENCE Trial
J Am Heart Assoc 2022;11:e025045 DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.121.025045
Cardiovascular disease is highly prevalent, and represents a major burden in patients with both T2D and CKD. In the CREDENCE trial, canagliflozin reduced the risk of first composite cardiovascular events; this post hoc analysis evaluated the effect on total (first and recurrent) events. During the trial, a total of 883 cardiovascular events occurred in 634 patients; 72% were first and 28% were subsequent events. Analysis showed canagliflozin reduced first and total cardiovascular events by 26% and 29%, respectively, with consistent results across patient subgroups and by baseline cardiovascular history.
These findings provide further support for the benefit of continuing canagliflozin therapy after an initial event to prevent recurrent CV events.
Circulation 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.122.060511
In this post hoc analysis of DAPA-HF, 43.7% of participants had iron deficiency at baseline, which was associated with worse outcomes. Dapagliflozin appeared to increase iron use but improved outcomes, irrespective of iron status at baseline.
Semaglutide in Type 2 Diabetes With Chronic Kidney Disease at High Risk of Progression: Real-World Clinical Practice
Clin Kidney J 2022;15(8);1593-600 doi: 10.1093/ckj/sfac096
In this real-world study, patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) treated with semaglutide significantly improved glycaemic control and decreased weight.
Effect of Empagliflozin on Kidney Biochemical and Imaging Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, or Prediabetes, and Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction (SUGAR-DM-HF)
Circulation 2022;146:364-7 DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.122.059851
This study found that a reduction in kidney perfusion and congestion may be mechanisms by which sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) affect kidney function in people with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The authors believe this is the first kidney MRI trial using SGLT2i in this patient group.
Uric Acid and Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibition With Empagliflozin in Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: The EMPEROR-Reduced Trial
Eur Heart J 2022; online ahead of print doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehac320
Hyperuricaemia is common in heart failure (HF) and is an independent predictor of advanced disease severity and increased mortality. This analysis from EMPEROR-Reduced showed that empagliflozin induced a rapid and sustained reduction of both serum uric acid (SUA) and of clinical events related to hyperuricaemia.
Effect of Semaglutide and Liraglutide in Individuals With Obesity or Overweight Without Diabetes: A Systematic Review
Ther Adv Chronic Dis 2022;13:1-14 doi: 10.1177/20406223221108064
This systematic literature review found liraglutide and semaglutide led to clinically relevant (≥5%) weight loss in 48.2–88.7% of obese or overweight adults without diabetes.
Data on the effects of liraglutide and semaglutide in diabetes are well-known, but therapeutic outcomes in obese or overweight individuals without diabetes have not been summarised. This systematic review aimed to evaluate their effects in this population, and 18 studies representing 10,938 patients were included.