Dapagliflozin across the range of ejection fraction in patients with heart failure: a patient-level, pooled meta-analysis of DAPA-HF and DELIVER
Nat Med. 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1038/s41591-022-01971-4
In a prospective, patient-level pooled meta-analysis of the DAPA-HF and DELIVER trials, dapagliflozin was found to improve clinical outcomes across the range of LVEF.
Obesity and Effects of Dapagliflozin on Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in the DECLARE-TIMI 58 trial
Eur Heart J 2022;43:2958-67 doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehab530
In the DECLARE-TIMI 58 trial, patients with type 2 diabetes and higher body weight were more likely to have hospitalisation for heart failure (HHF) and atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF/AFL).
Circulation 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.122.060511
In this post hoc analysis of DAPA-HF, 43.7% of participants had iron deficiency at baseline, which was associated with worse outcomes. Dapagliflozin appeared to increase iron use but improved outcomes, irrespective of iron status at baseline.
Initial Decline (“Dip”) in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Following Initiation of Dapagliflozin in Patients With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: Insights From DAPA-HF
Circulation 2022; Online ahead of print doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.058910
The results of this subgroup analysis from DAPA-HF show that – although estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline is generally associated with poorer prognosis in most situations – an initial dip with a sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) may be associated with slower rate of decline in kidney function.
Dapagliflozin and New-Onset Type 2 Diabetes in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Or Heart Failure: Pooled Analysis of the DAPA-CKD and DAPA-HF Trials
Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2022;10:24–34 doi.org/10.1016/
Chronic kidney disease and heart failure are insulin resistant states associated with high incidence rates of diabetes. Rossing et al. carried out a two Phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials assessed the effect of dapagliflozin on new-onset type 2 diabetes, in a pooled analysis of data from 6,608 individuals.
N Engl J Med 2019;380:347–57 DOI 10.1056/NEJMoa1812389
Dapagliflozin was found to be noninferior to placebo in terms of major adverse cardiovascular events in the DECLARE-TIMI 58 trial.