Effect of Canagliflozin on Heart Failure Hospitalization in Diabetes According to Baseline Heart Failure Risk
JACC Heart Fail. 2023. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchf.2023.03.025
In the CANVAS programme, canagliflozin reduced the risk of HF hospitalisation among individuals with T2D. This post hoc analysis evaluated heterogeneity in the treatment effects of canagliflozin on HF hospitalisation according to baseline HF risk as assessed by two diabetes-specific HF risk scores: WATCH-DM (for participants without prevalent HF) and TRS-HFDM (all participants).
Patient Characteristics, Outcomes, and Effects of Dapagliflozin According to the Duration of Heart Failure: A Prespecified Analysis of the DELIVER Trial
Circulation 2023; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.122.062918
Whether the efficacy and safety of SGLT2i therapy are maintained with increasing duration of HFmrEF or HFpEF is unknown. In this prespecified analysis of DELIVER, HF duration was categorised as ≤6 months, >6 to 12 months, >1 to 2 years, >2 to 5 years, or >5 years.
Circulation. 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.122.062644
While analyses from DAPA-HF and EMPEROR-Reduced demonstrated a consistent benefit of SGLT2i in Black patients, data were limited to HFrEF and included a small number of Black patients. In the current analysis, the efficacy and safety of empagliflozin according to Black vs White race in the Americas was assessed across the spectrum of EF in EMPEROR-Pooled, a combined dataset from both EMPEROR trials.
Efficacy and Safety of Dapagliflozin in Patients with Heart Failure with Mildly Reduced or Preserved Ejection Fraction by Baseline Glycaemic Status (DELIVER): a Subgroup Analysis from an International, Multicentre, Double-blind, Randomised, Placebo-controlled Trial
Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2022;10:869–881 DOI: 10.1016/S2213-8587(22)00308-4
Dapagliflozin was shown to be highly efficacious in patients with HFmrEF and HFpEF in the DELIVER trial. However, whether the benefits of dapagliflozin are observed across glycaemia categories has not been previously reported.
Time to Clinical Benefit of Dapagliflozin in Patients With Heart Failure With Mildly Reduced or Preserved Ejection Fraction: A Prespecified Secondary Analysis of the DELIVER Randomized Clinical Trial
JAMA Cardiol. 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1001/jamacardio.2022.3750
Dapagliflozin was recently shown to reduce CV death or worsening HF events in patients with HF with mildly reduced or preserved ejection fraction in the DELIVER trial. This prespecified secondary analysis of DELIVER examined the timeline to onset of clinical benefit with dapagliflozin.
Empagliflozin and Left Ventricular Remodeling in People Without Diabetes: Primary Results of the EMPA-HEART 2 CardioLink-7 Randomized Clinical Trial
Circulation. 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.122.062769
Among patients with neither diabetes nor significant HF but with risk factors for adverse cardiac remodelling, empagliflozin did not result in a meaningful reduction in change in left ventricular mass indexed (LVMi) to baseline body surface area (BSA) after 6 months as measured by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.
SGLT2i have demonstrated reverse cardiac remodelling in patients with diabetes or HF, but their effects earlier in the natural history of HF are less well studied.
Dapagliflozin in Patients Recently Hospitalized With Heart Failure and Mildly Reduced or Preserved Ejection Fraction
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.07.021
This prespecified analysis of the DELIVER trial found that dapagliflozin had beneficial effects on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) with mildly reduced or preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) who were enrolled during or following hospitalisation.
Dapagliflozin across the range of ejection fraction in patients with heart failure: a patient-level, pooled meta-analysis of DAPA-HF and DELIVER
Nat Med. 2022; online ahead of print DOI: 10.1038/s41591-022-01971-4
In a prospective, patient-level pooled meta-analysis of the DAPA-HF and DELIVER trials, dapagliflozin was found to improve clinical outcomes across the range of LVEF.
Empagliflozin in the Treatment of Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction in Addition to Background Therapies and Therapeutic Combinations (EMPEROR-Reduced): A Post-hoc Analysis of a Randomised, Double-blind Trial
Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2022;10:35–45 doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(21)00292-8
The data from the trial suggests that empagliflozin may be considered as a foundational therapy in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. This post-hoc analysis of EMPEROR-Reduced – a randomised, double-blind, parallel-group trial – by Verma et al. evaluated the efficacy and safety of empagliflozin in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and to baseline treatment.