Effects of Empagliflozin on Markers of Liver Steatosis and Fibrosis and Their Relationship to Cardiorenal Outcomes

Diabetes Obes Metab 2022; doi:10.1111/dom.14670

In this study of adults with T2D and established CV disease, the proportion of patients at high steatosis risk decreased slightly in patients treated with empagliflozin compared with patients treated with placebo. Fibrosis risk was not reduced.

Read more…

Semaglutide Once a Week in Adults With Overweight or Obesity, With or Without Type 2 Diabetes in an East Asian Population (STEP 6): A Randomised, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy, Placebo Controlled, Phase 3a Trial

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2022;10:193–206. doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(22)00008-0

In this Phase 3a trial in an east Asian population, semaglutide 2.4 mg QW was shown to have superior and clinical meaningful reductions in bodyweight versus placebo, as well as greater reductions in abdominal visceral fat.

Read more…

Cardiovascular Outcomes with Finerenone According to Glycemic Status at Baseline and Prior Treatment with Newer Antidiabetics among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Endocrinol Metab 2022;37:170–4; doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2021.1296

Finerenone induced a 13% risk reduction in MACE (a composite of death from CV causes, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or hospitalisation for heart failure) regardless of prior glycaemia. There was no difference in finerenone-derived MACE benefits whether patients were on baseline SGLT2i or GLP-1RA or not.

Read more…

Early Benefit With Empagliflozin in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction: Insights From the EMPEROR-Preserved Trial

Eur J Heart Fail 2022;24(2):245–8. doi:10.1002/ejhf.2420

Results reinforce sustained clinical, health status and quality of life benefits with empagliflozin in patients with HF‑pEF, and underscore the need for timely initiation of therapy.

Read more…

Effect of Weekly Subcutaneous Semaglutide vs Daily Liraglutide on Body Weight in Adults With Overweight or Obesity Without Diabetes: The STEP 8 Randomized Clinical Trial

JAMA 2022;327(2):138–50 doi:10.1001/jama.2021.23619

Among adults with overweight or obesity without diabetes, QW SC semaglutide compared with QD SC liraglutide – added to counselling for diet and physical activity – resulted in significantly greater weight loss at 68 weeks.

Read more…

Finerenone in Predominantly Advanced CKD and Type 2 Diabetes With or Without Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitor Therapy

Kidney Int Rep 2022;7:36–45 doi.org/10.1016/j.ekir.2021.10.008

Finerenone was associated with a 31% greater reduction in urine albumin:creatinine ratio (UACR) from baseline to Month 4 versus placebo. With similar reductions in UACR seen whether the patient was receiving SGLT2i at baseline or not.

Read more…

Empagliflozin in the Treatment of Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction in Addition to Background Therapies and Therapeutic Combinations (EMPEROR-Reduced): A Post-hoc Analysis of a Randomised, Double-blind Trial

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2022;10:35–45 doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(21)00292-8

The data from the trial suggests that empagliflozin may be considered as a foundational therapy in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. This post-hoc analysis of EMPEROR-Reduced – a randomised, double-blind, parallel-group trial – by Verma et al. evaluated the efficacy and safety of empagliflozin in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and to baseline treatment.

Read more…