Effect of Empagliflozin on Kidney Biochemical and Imaging Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, or Prediabetes, and Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction (SUGAR-DM-HF)
Circulation 2022;146:364-7 DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.122.059851
This study found that a reduction in kidney perfusion and congestion may be mechanisms by which sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) affect kidney function in people with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The authors believe this is the first kidney MRI trial using SGLT2i in this patient group.
Initial Decline (“Dip”) in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Following Initiation of Dapagliflozin in Patients With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: Insights From DAPA-HF
Circulation 2022; Online ahead of print doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.058910
The results of this subgroup analysis from DAPA-HF show that – although estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline is generally associated with poorer prognosis in most situations – an initial dip with a sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) may be associated with slower rate of decline in kidney function.