Effect of Canagliflozin on Total Cardiovascular Burden in Patients With Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Post Hoc Analysis From the CREDENCE Trial
J Am Heart Assoc 2022;11:e025045 DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.121.025045
Cardiovascular disease is highly prevalent, and represents a major burden in patients with both T2D and CKD. In the CREDENCE trial, canagliflozin reduced the risk of first composite cardiovascular events; this post hoc analysis evaluated the effect on total (first and recurrent) events. During the trial, a total of 883 cardiovascular events occurred in 634 patients; 72% were first and 28% were subsequent events. Analysis showed canagliflozin reduced first and total cardiovascular events by 26% and 29%, respectively, with consistent results across patient subgroups and by baseline cardiovascular history.
These findings provide further support for the benefit of continuing canagliflozin therapy after an initial event to prevent recurrent CV events.
Effect of the Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists Semaglutide and Liraglutide on Kidney Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Pooled Analysis of SUSTAIN 6 and LEADER
Circulation 2022;145:575–85 doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.055459
In this analysis by Shaman et al., semaglutide and liraglutide offered kidney-protective effects in patients with type 2 diabetes, especially those with pre-existing chronic kidney disease.
Effects of canagliflozin on Myocardial Infarction: A Post Hoc Analysis of the CANVAS Programme and CREDENCE Trial
Cardiovasc Res 2022;118:1103–14
Yu et al. report that canagliflozin is not associated with a reduction in overall myocardial infarction in the pooled CANVAS and CREDENCE population. The CANVAS cohort found a possible differential effect on ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI warranting further investigation.
Effects of canagliflozin with placebo on major adverse cardiovascular and kidney events in patient groups with different baseline levels of HbA1c disease duration and treatment intensity: results from the CANVAS program
Diabetologia. 2021;64:2402–14 doi.org/10.1007/s00125-021-05524-1
This study by Young et al. shows canagliflozin to have beneficial CV and kidney outcomes in patients with T2DM across a range of diabetes complexities with an underlying risk of CV disease.